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Fichiers à télécharger
Une formation de noms d’animaux (ABCC) en égyptien ancien.
It is well known that the ancient Egyptian lexicon shows structural patterns very close to those of Semitic languages, at least as much as derivation processes (prefixation, suffixation, -reduplication) are concerned. A specific type of reduplication (ABCC) has been used in Egyptian to build a significant number of animal names, as pȝgg.t, frog, ḥfrr, tadpole, ḥdqq.w, rats, or ḫprr, beetle. Gathering about thirty attestations of this specific pattern, which conveys a diminutive / pejorative meaning, we can get arguments to rebuild the vocalic structure as AaBCáC-aw (masc.), AaBCáC.at (fem.). For this Egyptian pattern, the Accadian ’dmm, wasp, or kulbābu, ant, offer convincing Semitic counterparts.
- Bernard Mathieu ( : 030609607)
Agrégé de lettres classiques, égyptologue, Bernard Mathieu est professeur à l’Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier 3 et ancien directeur de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire. Membre de la Mission archéologique franco-suisse de Saqqâra, Bernard Mathieu travaille principalement sur la langue et la littérature de l’Égypte pharaonique, de l’Ancien Empire à la fin du Nouvel Empire, ainsi que sur l’édition, la traduction et le commentaire des Textes des Pyramides. Sa thèse portait sur La poésie amoureuse de l’Égypte ancienne.
Giuseppina Lenzo Marchese
Les colophons dans la littérature égyptienne.
The colophons in Egyptian literature are found from the XIIth dynasty to the Roman Period. Most of the time, we find them in literary texts, Books of the Dead, and late ritual texts. The use of colophons varies according to the period and the nature of the text. This article offers an explanation for the expression ỉw.f pw and its variants, which are found at the end of various manuscripts, and tracks the evolution of this expression.
- Giuseppina Lenzo Marchese ( : 120620049)
Le catalogue divin de ‘Ayn al-Mouftella : jeux de miroir autour de «celui qui est dans ce temple».
The epigraphic survey carried out in April 2004 by the Ifao team in the Saite Chapel nū 1 (nomenclature of Fakhry) of ʿAyn al-Muftella in the Baḥariya Oasis allowed us to identify a large number of divine figures on the first register of the walls. This article proposes an initial interpretation of the links between the divine groups, which have been almost completely identified.
- Françoise Labrique ( : 033882231)
Le papyrus de Moutemheb.
The magical papyrus Louvre E 32308 comes from Deir al-Medīna and belongs to a group of amulets which, once folded, were hung around the neck of the patient. It can be differentiated from others with texts of the same kind by the great number of drawings that surround the text. It also contains several sequences similar to those found in P. Turin 1996. These sequences are not true parallels, but variations that can only be explained as personal choices on the part of the scribe, choices that were sometimes based on graphic or phonetic variations.
- Yvan Koenig ( : 026951762)
Le groupe familial de Pachéryentaisouy. Caire JE 36576.
The present article consists of the publication of a statuary group discovered by G. Legrain at Karnak in 1904. The monument, dating from the end of the IVth or the beginning of the IIId century BC, now preserved in the Cairo Museum (JE 36576), belongs to an Amun priest from XoĪs: -Pacheryentaisouy.
His son, Achakhet, who presented it, covered it with texts: in addition to the traditional -appeals for priests and autobiographical compositions, he had it engraved with an hymn to Amun and very originals texts, whose funerary character is manifest. These texts, very uncommon on this kind of monument sited in a temple and not in a tomb, have no exact parallels. They took their inspiration from contemporary compositions like Glorifications, Book of Going on for Eternity, Book for Breathing, Embalming Ritual, etc.
- Ivan Guermeur ( : 075706121)
Tenttepihou, une dame d’Atfih, épouse morganatique du futur Thoutmosis IV.
Two well known Shabtis in Marseille (Vieille-Charité n° 365 and n° 366), formerly attributed to an otherwise unknown queen Tenthapi, belong in fact to a royal acquaintance called Tenttepihu. This shadowy woman was probably a morganatic spouse of Thutmosis IV before his accession to the throne. The new reading of the name and titles allows to suggest that Tenttepihu was born in the vicinity of modern Atfih and that she was the mother of a prince called Pentepihu.
- Marc Gabolde ( : 029488044)
L’orientation des défunts dans les «caveaux-sarcophages» à Deir al-Médîna.
This research aims to identify in Deir al-Medina burial-chambers decorative and archaeological elements which mark coffin positions. In this paper, a little group of Deir al-Medina burial-chambers is examined, in which many iconographic and textual subjects imitate those present on sarcophagi. The location of these decorative themes studied in the sepulchres, as well as other archaeological data, enables us to suggest the orientation of the dead in burial chambers, which imitated the decoration of sarcophagi.
- Hanane Gaber ( : 123104955)
Le «dieu» nubien Sésostris III.
This article provides evidence for the veneration of Sesostris III in Nubia after his death. The documents gathered herein are classified in geographical order: South to North, from Gebel Docha to Amada. During the New Kingdom – especially the second half of the XVIIIth dynasty – Sesostris III was considered a true local Nubian God: chapels and temples were dedicated to him, he is shown giving life to New Kingdom Pharaohs, his speech is preceded by ḏd-mdw jn like other divinities, etc. While the veneration of Sesostris III is attested to by evidence found in thirteen Nubian sites, Semna, Kumma, and Ouronarti seem to be the most important centers for his cult in Nubia.
- Khaled El-Enany
Le Dialogue d’un homme avec son ba à la lumière de la formule 38 des Textes des Sarcophages.
This article reconsiders previous interpretation of the Dialog of a man with his Ba according to which the Dispute between the man and his Ba takes place, as a literary fiction, in the presence of the divine tribunal. This thesis is supported by the comparison with spell 38 of the Coffin Texts. In this spell in which the confrontation, also in front of the divine tribunal, is between the dead and his heir, the son appears as the dead father’s Ba on earth.
A comparison between the relationship of the dead with his Ba and with his heir in the -funerary texts suggests that the Dialog is not concerned with man’s relationship with death but rather with the relationship between the living and the dead, a major issue in Ancient Egypt. Therefore, the Dialog obviously deals with the question of solidarity between generations recommended by the official discourse and the sapiential literature.
- Sylvie Donnat ( : 098997122)
Laurent Coulon, Catherine Defernez
La chapelle d’Osiris Ounnefer Neb-Djefaou à Karnak. Rapport préliminaire des fouilles et travaux 2000-2004.
Since 2000, excavations have been undertaken in the XXVIth dynasty Chapel of Osiris -Ounnefer Neb-djefaou located in the northern part of the temenos of Amun at Karnak. This small temple, whose remains were exposed during the XIXth century, has never been the subject of systematic study. In addition to the publishing of the inscriptions, the project’s focus is on the definition of the structure of the building and its relation to the neighbouring area, especially the path leading to the temple of Ptah and the adjacent mound that takes up a large part of the north-western corner of the temenos of Amun. The excavations have revealed several phases of occupation at the entrance of the chapel, from the XXVIth dynasty to the Coptic period, notably the reuse of several lintel blocks from the Saite chapel in a probably late Roman "hydraulic" settlement. Concerning the temple itself, whose mudbrick and stone walls were badly weathered over the last centuries, a preliminary reconstruction of its plan is suggested.
West of this area, the remains of a large mudbrick building, probably connected to the chapel, have been partly exposed. The pottery recovered in the upper levels can be dated to the Saite period or the end of the Late Period. The general interpretation of this structure is discussed.
- Laurent Coulon ( : 057589275)
Laurent Coulon est égyptologue, spécialiste de la religion égyptienne antique. Il est directeur d’études à l’École pratique des hautes études, dans la section sciences religieuses, depuis 2015, et directeur de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale depuis 2019. Il co-dirige la mission Sanctuaires osiriens de Karnak et plusieurs programmes en humanités numériques, notamment sur la sculpture égyptienne d'époque tardive.
- Catherine Defernez ( : 078063515)