Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire


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BIFAO105_art_17.pdf (1.78 Mb)
Extrait pdf de l’ouvrage :
Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale 105
2005 IFAO
48 p.
gratuit - free of charge
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Le temple du Gebel Abou Hassa.

In the southern part of the Suez isthmus, in an area deserted by archaeological missions that had preferred to focus on the military settlements between Qantara and Gaza, J. Clédat unearthed the remains of a Ramessid temple dedicated, according to him, to Hathor and Horus. Examining the blocks of the monument deposed in the storehouse of the museum of Ismaïlia was the starting point of this study to reexamine the material settled in the vicinity of the road to the Sinaï mines and Punt. The monument reveals a shrine housing the great gods of Egypt with a sustained Heliopolitan slant while granting a minor space to an asiatic entity, Rechpou. Discrepancies between real and virtual orientation, between the origins of the divinities mentioned on the stelae in front of the temple and the cultural reliefs, suggest that the monument was designed as a frontier temple between the Orient and Nile valleys.

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