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Fünfunddreißig demotisch beschriftete Mumienleinen aus dem British Museum.
The thirty-five inscribed mummy linen from The British Museum, London published here include 34 bands and only one cloth. The inscribed texts are written in demotic and derived from literature belonging to the Book of the Dead. They probably go back to the first century a.d. and come from the area of Panopolis (Achmim). The pieces provide us with at least 20 proper names, some of which are not attested to in Demotisches Namenbuch.
- Abd-el-Gawad Migahid
Bernard Mathieu, Élise Bène, Alain Spahr
Recherches sur les textes de la pyramide de la reine Ânkhesenpépy II. 1. Le registre supérieur de la paroi est de la chambre funéraire (AII/F/E sup).
A restitution in fac-simile of the upper part of the East wall of the newly discovered funerary chamber of Queen Ânkhesenpepy is presented here, with a short comment on the Pyramid Texts included. From the assembled 116 fragments, the following suite of spells can be -reconstructed for the sixty-one columns of AII/F/E sup: PT 364, 441, new spell, 321, N561A, 310, 463 + 464, 407, 604, 301, 473, 474, 460 and another new spell.
Thanks to this new occurrence of PT N561A (situated in AII/F/E sup 15-18), a spell which was previously known by only a few words found in the pyramid of Pepy 1 st (P/V/E 20-22), this text can now be completed and translated.
- Bernard Mathieu ( : 030609607)
Agrégé de lettres classiques, égyptologue, Bernard Mathieu est professeur à l’Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier 3 et ancien directeur de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire. Membre de la Mission archéologique franco-suisse de Saqqâra, Bernard Mathieu travaille principalement sur la langue et la littérature de l’Égypte pharaonique, de l’Ancien Empire à la fin du Nouvel Empire, ainsi que sur l’édition, la traduction et le commentaire des Textes des Pyramides. Sa thèse portait sur La poésie amoureuse de l’Égypte ancienne.
- Élise Bène ( : 119216558)
- Alain Spahr
Pierre de Maret
L’oryctérope, un animal « bon à penser » pour les Africains, est-il à l’origine du dieu égyptien Seth ?
Although many attempts have been made to identify the Seth-animal, it is usually regarded as an imaginary creature. However, there are striking similarities between the shape if its ears, forehead and snout with those of the aardvark.
In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa this animal plays an important symbolic role, as the appearance and the behavior of this very peculiar mammal make good “food for thought”. It is often associated, like Seth, with the night, the underworld and the dead.
Furthermore, such an identification may also explain most of Seth’s characteristics, such as why it is linked to the origin of kingship, disorder, confusion, sexuality, strength, drunkenness, voracity, etc.
- Pierre de Maret
Adaptation locale du titre royal s3-R’.
This short study shows a particularity in royal protocol: the title sȝ-Rʿ preceding the cartouche of the birth name could change occasionally depending on the origin of the monument. The examples discussed in this article give the variants sȝ-Jmn and sȝ-Ptḥ. They appear on monuments coming exclusively from the cult centers of Amon (Thebes and al-Kawa) and Ptah (Memphis). This rare substitution of Ra in this title is certainly the work of the local clergy who tried to promote their gods.
- Khaled El-Enany
Françoise Dunand, Gaëlle Tallet, Fleur Letellier-Willemin
Un linceul peint de la nécropole d’El-Deir. Oasis de Kharga.
During the 2003 season of excavations at El Deir (East area of the necropolis), several fragments of a painted shroud were discovered in a lot of funerary wrappings much disturbed by pillaging. The body is decorated with a diamond pattern and a column of hieroglyphic text inscribed on the centre of the shroud gives the name of the deceased with the usual funerary formulas. Comparative analysis of these fragments with shrouds preserved in select museums located in Cairo, London and Paris shows that it belongs to a well-known series, dating primarily from the first to second centuries a. d., found throughout the Theban area.
Françoise Dunand, Roger Lichtenberg
Des chiens momifiés à El-Deir. Oasis de Kharga.
During the last campaigns (2002-2004) carried out at the necropolis at El Deir (Kharga Oasis) by Fr. Dunand and the French team, a significant collection of mummies and skeletons of dogs were discovered inside several human tombs. These tombs, which had been occupied during the Ptolemaic period, were reused for mummified animals. Many of these were carefully wrapped. X-rays identified traces of violent death. So it is obvious that they must have been offered as ex voto to a canine god, Anubis or Wepwawet , whose sanctuary has not yet been discovered in this area.
Neil G.W. Curtis, Holger Kockelmann, Irmtraut Munro
The Collection of Book of the Dead Manuscripts in Marischal Museum, University of Aberdeen, Scotland. A Comprehensive Overview.
The Marischal Museum of the University of Aberdeen houses a fine collection of more than 60 individual copies of the Book of the Dead written on papyrus and mummy linen. The present survey, which is the first detailed treatment of the Book of the Dead material in Marischal Museum, starts with a short introduction to the history of the collection of Egyptian antiquities (N. Curtis) and continues with an overview of the Book of the Dead documents (papyri: I. Munro, mummy wrappings: H. Kockelmann), specifying names of owners, spell sequences and measurements. Moreover, it discusses a number of peculiari-ties found in some of the manuscripts.
Kamose et les Hyksos dans l’oasis de Djesdjes.
This paper is divided in two parts. Part one is a translation and a commentary on the sections of the Kamose stelae mentioning the conquest of the oasis of Djesdjes by the king of the Theban XVIIth dynasty. It is argued that all the passages about the oasis, in the Kamose text, concern only one campaign and one oasis, Bahariya. Bahariyans are considered enemies like other Egyptian populations from Middle Egypt who collaborated with the Hyksos rulers. Part two presents the recently prospected cemeteries of Bahariya in the context of the material culture of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. The IFAO mission in Bahariya has discovered on the surface of the necropolis of Qaret al-Toub some clear fragments of Tell al-Yahudiya ware, probably imported from one of the production centres located mainly in the Eastern Delta of the Nile. This attestation to commercial relations between Bahariya and the Northern part of Egypt, directly under Asiatic rule, provides interesting data complementary to textual evidence suggesting that Bahariyan elites were in contact with the Hyksos at the end of the Second Intermediate Period.
- Frédéric Colin ( : 117476145)
Ramez Boutros, Marie-Hélène Rutschowscaya, Sylvie Marchand, Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert
Sondages dans le monastère de Baouit. - 2003.
The monastery of Bawit (Middle Egypt) was discovered by the French archaeologist Jean Clédat in 1900. The site was excavated from 1901 to 1913 by Ifao which published several reports. The new excavation concerns two places on the kôm: the so-called “north church” and sondages. Sondages 1 and 2, completed in 2003, have permitted the clarification of the stratigraphy of the northern part of the monastery, where excavations were made in 1913 by Jean Maspero. The structures indicate that they were originally dwellings dating to the Byzantine period (from the sixth to the second half of the seventh centuries).
- Ramez Boutros
- Marie-Hélène Rutschowscaya ( : 02711581X)
- Sylvie Marchand ( : 117052582)
- Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert ( : 187403511)
Ancien membre scientifique à titre étranger de l’IFAO, à présent chercheur à l'Université de Copenhague (bourse européenne de Marie Skłodowska-Curie). Spécialiste de la culture matérielle et du monachisme de l'époque antique tardive en Égypte.
Calques de Baouit archivés à l’Ifao.
Four unpublished drawings related to the monastery of Bawit are kept in the archives of the French Institute. The group contains two maps from the excavation led by Jean Maspero in 1903 that give little information regarding other published documents. However, the recent reopening of excavations in this area makes them worthy of consideration. Two fragments of mural paintings, now lost, present some iconographical interest: A Saint on Horseback Killing the Evil, sketched by François Daumas, and the Murder of the Innocents, by Jean Clédat.
- Dominique Bénazeth ( : 029888212)