Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

masquer la recherchehide search
Critères de rechercheSearch criteria
titre, auteur, périodiquetitle, author, periodic issue
identification du matériel, musée/coll.identification of the material, museum/coll.
forme, technique et technologie de prod.form, technique and prod. technology
pays, région, site; production ou consommationcountry, region, site; production or consumption
contexte archéologiquearchaelogical context
sources et questions particulièressources and specific problems
date inf.inf. date date sup.sup. date

ANTONARAS, Anastassios C.
Glassware in late Antique Thessalonikē (Third to Seventh Centuries C.E.)
NASRALLAH, Laura ; BAKIRTZIS, Charalambos ; FRIESEN, Steven J.
From Roman to Early Christian Thessalonikē. Studies in Religion and Archaeology
Harvard Theological Studies 64
Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, 2010, p. 299-331

[201, 700]
• Glass objects from Thessalonikē: found almost exclusively in graves.
– Question with regard to the recycling of glass.

• Remains of the local glass working activity: 4th-6th centuries A.D. (fig. 1):
– in a building outside the eastern city walls,
– in the city’s abandoned public Forum,
– in the abandoned ruins of the Roman public bathhouse.

• Review of glass vessels:

– mid 2nd-3rd century A.D. (fig. 2) – produced both in the West and the East:
- tableware: mainly arybaloid jugs, biconical bottles;
- unguentaria: mainly pear-shaped flasks, jar-like unguentaria;
- spouted vessels: baby-feeders or lamp fillers;

– mid 3rd-4th century A.D. (fig. 3):
- tableware:
mainly pointed and flat-bottomed amforisks, large-sized jugs, spherical or pear-shaped bottles; bowls often bearing engraved or applied decoration;
produced both in the West and the East, but probably a large number of them were produced locally.
- unguentaria:
often miniature versions of tableware vessels, pear-shaped, squat or slender flasks; cubical and double-faced mold-blown;
originated in the West or even in the Balkans, a few appear to be of oriental origin.

– 4th-early 5th century A.D. (fig. 4-6) – mainly Syro-Palestinian production or imitation of Syro-Palestinian forms:
- tableware: jugs (octagonal jugs appears to be local products) and bottles; shallow and deeper bowls (some of them with mold-blown honeycomb pattern); conical beakers;
- unguentaria: mainly small amphorae, craters, and jugs, squat and spherical, pear-shaped, cylindrical, square bodied;
- lamps: handled hemispherical or calyx-shaped bowls.

– 5th-6th centuries A.D. (fig. 7-8):
- several forms of the 4th century tableware, such as jugs, bottles, and drinking vessels (stemmed beakers prevail), survieved;
- lamps: stemmed beakers of various forms, cylindrical vessels with a smaller or larger knob forming the base;
- some bowls and bottles bear engraved decorations (fig. 8):
probably mainly of Italian origin,
iconographical themas: pagan, Christian, geometrical,
some Greek isncriptions.

– Summary:
- almost exclusively free-blown, plain, undecorated vessels;
- few fully mold-blown or dip mold-blown objects;
- some examples of engraved decoration;
- small number of vessels bears applied decoration.

– Role of glass vessels in pagan and Christian burial customs.

– Question with regard to the price of glass vessels.

• Window panes:
– fragments of window panes from around the 4th century: muff-process or cylinder’s technique of production.

• Jewelry – late 3rd-6th centuries A.D. (fig. 12-13):

– Pendants:
- jars, juglets shapes, disks with stamped motifs, glass droplets.

– Beads:
- large-sized biconical or globular, dark-colored body decorated with white trails or specks; cylindrical, segmented, and patterned by the segmenting mold, gilded, or plain, spirally-ribbed pieces,
- other beads: smooth and ribbed globural, ovoid, prear-shaped, cylindrical, cubical, hexahedronlike, hexagonal, multifaceted; technics: winding, folding, molding, segmentation, drawing etc.
- eastern Mediterranean production.

– Bracelets:
- dark-colored: purple or dark green,
- section: circular, semicircular, and flat, band-like cross-section,
- technics: seamed, from drawn out canes of glass; seamless, made with the performation and centrifugal rotation of hot mass of glass,
- decoration: majority plain, few examples with pressed, geometrical motifs.

– Rings:
- glass ring gems: no decoration, lenticular, plano-convex, occasionally in the shape of pyramid.

– Enameled jewelry:
- some examples of glass enamel on golden earrings.

• Mosaics:
– examples from churches: the Rotunda, Acheiropoirtos, St. Demetrios, the Latomou monastery;
– tesserae cut on-site from large glass cakes: probably made with imported raw glass, possibly locally shaped, exception – gold-glass tesserae arrived on site either in cakes.
Grèce Greece Thessaloniki consommation production

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013