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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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KRUEGER, Ingeborg
A Second Aldrevandin Beaker and an Update on a Group of Enameled Glasses
JGS 44
The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, 2002, p. 111-132
Archäologisches Landesmuseum Baden-Württemberg, Aussenstelle Konstanz (ConstanceKonstanz) ; Archäologisches Landesmuseum Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Château WiligradWiligrad Castle) ; Bereich Archäologie, Hansestadt Lübeck (Lübeck) ; British Museum (LondresLondon) ; Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg, Aussenstelle Freiburg (FribourgFreiburg) ; Linnamuuseum (Tartu) ; Musée du Verre (LiègeLiege) ; Schweizerisches Landesmuseum (ZurichZürich)

[1250, 1400]
• So-called “Aldrevandin Group” of enamelled glasses.

• Review of the hypothesis about the origin of the Aldrevandin beakers and other glasses from this group:
- made in Germany (J.A. Kuhn - 1876; F. de Mély - 1905);
- made in Venice (A. Hartshorne - 1897);
- “Syro-Frankish” - made in Syria for European customers (E. Dillon - 1907; R. Schmidt - 1912; C.J. Lamm - 1929);
- made in Venice/Murano (L. Zecchin - 1969-1970);
- made in Venice/Murano and perhaps in other European locations as well (I. Krueger - 1998).

• Some characteristics:
- the majority of these glasses are represented by beakers, but there are also shallow cups, highstemmed bowls, and bottles;
- glasses painted with enamels, often gilded as well;
- the base glass was usually more or less colourless, but it could also be blue, or probably red.

– Since 1995, many new fragments have been excavated in Europe (most of them in Germany) and in Israel.

• Inscriptions on the glasses:
“+ MAGISTER. ALDREVANDIN. ME FECI[T]” (fig. 1) and “+ MAGISTER.ALDREVANDINVS. ME. F.” (fig. 11);
“ MAGISTER BA[R]TOLAMEUS”;
“+ IUVENES SUMUS DUM TEMPUS HABEMUS” (we are young as long as we have time) (fig. 6);
“AVE MARIA” (fig. 8);
“ME + APORTA TECUM SIUI[S] COMEDE[R]E (bring me with you when you want to feast) (fig. 10);
“ [M]AGI[ST]ER DON[I]NVS”;
“AMOR VINCIT O[MNIA]”.

• Iconographic representations on the glasses:
– figurative: Virgin and Child (fig. 3, fig. 9); holy bishops (fig. 10), scenes of courtly love (fig. 12-13, fig. 14);
– animal: stag’s antlers (fig. 1), pelican (fig. 6), peacock tail (fig. 8);
– geometric (fig. 7).

• Question with regard to the identification of the Magister Aldrevandinus with “Aldrevandino fiolario” mentioned during 1331 in a “sentenza podestarile” (legal document from the Podestà of Murano).
Allemagne Germany consommation
Angleterre England consommation
Autriche Austria consommation
Biélorussie Belarus consommation
Estonie Estonia consommation
Finlande Finland consommation
Grèce Greece consommation
Israël Israel consommation
Italie Italy Venise Venice production consommation
République Tchèque Czech Republic consommation
Slovénie Slovenia consommation
Suède Sweden consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013