Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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OLIVIER, Prudence
Islamic Relief Cut Glass: a Suggested Chronology
JGS 3
The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, 1961, p. 9-29
The Corning Museum of Glass (Corning) ; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) ; Treasury of San Marco (VeniseVenice) ; Victoria and Albert Museum (LondresLondon)

[801, 1100]
• Relief-cut glass:
– from 9th to 11th century - extremely popular in the Near East;
– possible places of production of relief-cut glass: Iraq, Iran, Egypt.

• Design:
– focusing on stylization of designs: from a relatively naturalistic treatement to stylisation; during the course of the 10th and 11th centuries, the stylisation becomes more pronounced and elaborate;
– different technics used to finish (“reversed comma design”, “dotted design”, hatching, ...) and to model designs (raised surfaces, raised lines, ...);
– disposal of designs : lobels, freze...

• Objects (some examples):
– pilgrim bottle (possibly Iran) - second half of 9th century (fig. 1-4): design of birds, a “long-legged animal” and palmettes;
– bowl (probably Iran) - second half of 9th century (fig. 5-6): design of birds and running ibexes;
– turquoise blue bowl (thought to have been made in Iraq) [other opinion: Western Asia, probably Iran - cf. D. Whitehouse in “Glass of the Sultans”, no. 83] - first half of 9th century (fig. 7): design of running rabbits;
– fragment from Samarra - first half of 9th century: design of animals;
– fragment from Fusṭāṭ - late 9th or early 10th century - design of lion;
– beaker said to be from Nishapur - late 9th or early 10th century (fig. 16-18): design of fantastic amimals and a bird;
– fragment purchased in Cairo - mid. 10th century (fig. 22) : design of confronted lions.
Egypte Egypt production
Fusṭāṭ consommation
Irak Iraq production
Samarra consommation
Iran Iran production
Nishapur consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013