Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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FREESTONE, Ian C.
Composition and Affinities of Glass from the Furnaces on the Island Site, Tyre
JGS 44
The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, 2002, p. 67-77

[850, 1100]
• Primary glass workshop at Tyre.
• Twelve samples - from unworked lumps or chunks of glass, from the island site, one - lump of raw glass found in the hippodrome.
– Elemental analyses: SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, FeO, MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, K2O, P2O5, SO3, Cl, CoO, CuO, ZnO:
- all of them are of the soda-lime-silica type;
- samples from the island: high potash and magnesia – ash-plant-based glass;
- sample from the hippodrome: low potash, low mangesia – natron-based glass.

• Question with regard to the replacement of natron-based glasses by ash-plant based glasses during the 9th century.
Liban Lebanon Tyr Tyre production

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013