Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

masquer la recherchehide search
Critères de rechercheSearch criteria
titre, auteur, périodiquetitle, author, periodic issue
identification du matériel, musée/coll.identification of the material, museum/coll.
forme, technique et technologie de prod.form, technique and prod. technology
pays, région, site; production ou consommationcountry, region, site; production or consumption
contexte archéologiquearchaelogical context
sources et questions particulièressources and specific problems
date inf.inf. date date sup.sup. date

référence uniqueunique reference     retour listeback to list

OLCAY, Yelda B.
Lighting Methods in the Byzantine Period and Findings of Glass Lamps in Antatolia
JGS 43
The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, 2001, p. 77-87

[301, 1200]
• Concept of light in Christianity in liturgical and spiritual contexts:
– written sources: Justinianus, Ignatius Theophorus, Symeon, John Klimax, Gregory Palamas, Gregorius of Nazianzos, Sophronius of Jerusalem, Paul Silentiarios, Symeon of Salonika, Egeria, ‘typicon’ of the Pantocrator Monastery.

• Church lighting according to the Pantocrator Monastery ‘typicon’ (1136):
– single lamps: ‘candelai’, ‘photogogoi’, ‘kaniskia’, ‘thryallides’, ‘crateres’;
– three lamps attached to one another: ‘tricandela’, ‘triphyeis thryallides’;
– lanterns: ‘phonaria’;
– candlesticks: ‘dodekaphotia’, ‘manoualia’, ‘ovelis-kolychniai’, ‘statareai’;
– metal strips with candle holders (?): ‘lamnai ve kosmetaritzia’;
– polycandela: ‘palamai’, stephanitai’;
– complex lamp: ‘choroi’;
– openwork holders containing glass lamps: ‘abenai’, ‘alysidia’, ‘bastagia’, ‘kremastaria’;
– ‘dracondaria’ - unknown meaning.

• Iconographical sources:
– paintings of the third southeastern chapel of Saint Nicholas Church in Myra (Demre).

• Typology of Byzantine glass lamps from excavations in Anatolia (sites: Saint Nicholas Church in Myra (Demre): 6th–12th century; Seyitgazi (Nakolea), theater at Iznik (Nicea), Tarsus “Cumhuriyet Square”):
– stemmed lamps: goblet with solid or hollow stem - commonly used in areas under Byzantine rule;
– lamps with handles: bowl-shaped lamps with handles, either on the edge of the rim or on the body - 4th–12th century;
– goblet lamps: lamps in the form of wineglass - 5th–9th century [question with regard to the identification of these objects as “lamps”].
Byzance Byzantium consommation
Turquie Turkey Iznik (Nicea) consommation
Myra consommation
Seyitgazi (Nakolea) consommation
Tarsūs consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013