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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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WHITEHOUSE, David
Byzantine Gilded Glass
WARD, Rachel
Gilded and Enamelled Glass from the Middle East
British Museum Press, London, 1998, p. 4-7
British Museum (LondresLondon) ; The Corning Museum of Glass (Corning) ; Treasury of San Marco (VeniseVenice)

[901, 1300]
• Byzantine glass:
– liquid-gilded techniques.

• Examples of byzantine glass objects:

– A bowl from the treasury of San Marco (10th or 11th century) - assumed to be one of the objects brought back from Constantinople in 1204:
- gilding and opaque pink, red, yellow, green, and bluish gray enamels,
- decoration: seven medallions containing figures, fourteen smaller roundels containing heads shown in profile, two imitation Kufic inscriptions, numerous rosettes and arabesque-like motifs.

– So-called “Paphos type”:
- glass found in the fort of Saranda Kolones (Paphos - Cyprus) - between c. 1191-1222, Corinth (Agora South Centre glass workshop) - between c. 1250-1312, Nicosia - early 13th century, Saraçhane (Constantinopole) - 12th century, Dvin (Armenia), Genoa, Tarquinia, Egypt, some pieces in the British Museum and the Corning Museum;
- cylindrical bottles and beakers;
- similar objects but no uniformity (at least two styles of ornament);
- decorated with liquid-gilding and (usually) enamel; use of scratches to indicate details;
- decoration arranged in horizontal bands: roundels, friezes or panels. Use of spiralling arabesques as fillers;
- possilbly places of production: Corinth and Cyprus (?).

• Theophilus, “De Diversis Artibus” (c. 1110-1140) - description of the technique of gilding of blue glass:
– by applying the gold as foil;
– by mixing gold dust with liquid and applying it as paint.
Byzance Byzantium Constantinople production consommation
Chypre Cyprus production consommation
Nicosie Nicosia consommation
Paphos consommation
Egypte Egypt consommation
Grèce Greece Corinthe Corinth production consommation
Italie Italy Gênes Genoa consommation
Tarquinia consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013