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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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VON SALDERN, Axel
Byzantine Glass: Problems of Terminology and Chronology
WARD, Rachel
Gilded and Enamelled Glass from the Middle East
British Museum Press, London, 1998, p. 1-3
The Corning Museum of Glass (Corning) ; Kunstmuseum (Düsseldorf) ; Oppenländer Collection (Waiblingen) ; Treasury of San Marco (VeniseVenice)

[401, 1200]
• Byzantine glass:
– Made within the Byzantine Empire between the death of Theodosius in 395 to soon after the sack of Constantinople in 1204.
– Questions with regard to missing archaeological evidence in Constantinople glassmaking tradition.
– Vigorous trade within Byzantium and contacts with various foreign empires - Sasanian, Muslim, Latin and later the seafaring city states of Venice and Genoa - led to the import of ideas and techniques and the export of luxury wares.

• Examples of decorated byzantine glass:
– mould-blown vessels decorated with Christian or Jewish symbols, bought by pilgrims to Jerusalem (fig. 1.1.; c. 578-636);
– so-called “mystic bottles” of black glass with diagonal ribs (fig. 1.2.; 5th or 6th century);
– wall-tiles with triangles forming a cross within a square, protected by a layer of clear glass - ”gold sandwich glass” (fig. 1.3.; 12th century);
– enamelled bowl in the San Marco treasury (fig. col. A; 10th-11th century);
– gilded and occasionally enamelled bottles of the type found at Corinth and Paphos (fig. 2.1. - 2.5.; late 12th - early 13th century).
Byzance Byzantium production consommation
Chypre Cyprus Paphos consommation
Grèce Greece Corinthe Corinth consommation
Syrie Syria Maʿarrat al-Nuʿmān consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013