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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Bois travaillé du Ier au XVe sc.1st to 15th century worked wood

Iwona Zych

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SKÁLOVÁ, Zuzana ; ATTIA, Sobhi Shenuda
Final report, part 1. The conservation of medieval icons in the Coptic Museum
Société d’Archéologie Copte, Le Caire | Cairo, 1998, p. 101-115
Musée Copte | Coptic Museum (Le CaireCairo)

[1101, 1500]
figuier sycomore sycamore fig (lat. Ficus sycomorus L.)
import import
Description of the conservation of three icons contains information about the wood species of the panels and their construction.
1. two-sided icon of Saints Sergius and Bacchus (front) and an unidentified saint (back), identified as coming from Deir el-Baramous by H.M. Simaika Pasha (1937), irregularly cut piece of sycamore(?) wood (identification based on experience, no scientific analyses of the wood possible), 42 x 28 x 2.9 cm. Front side hollowed out in the middle according to Byzantine fashion, with integral frame of 4.5 cm width, gilded with gold leaf. (p. 102-103) Long incision appeared under the retouching at the bottom of the panel with a piece of wood inserted into it. “This could be the remains of a handle.” (p. 104) Authors’ opinion: “The inferior quality of the panel, made of sycamore wood, suggests Coptic carpentry.” (p. 105) Late 13th century.
2. Passion triptych, central panel with frame 57 x 78 x 4 cm. Bawit mentioned as the provenance in the registers of the Egyptian Museum (see note 20 for register numbers and history). Simaika Pasha dates it to the 12th century. Wings made from one thin piece of wood. Central panel constructed carelessly from three planks, kept together with the narrow frame nailed with big iron nails from the front side. Imported wood (Pls III-IV). Rifts between planks filled with straw, hemp rope and plaster. Original traverses lost and replaced. Reverse once covered thickly with plaster. Irregular wooden support covered with coarse textile to provide smooth surface for painting. c. 1300.
3. Icon with Saint Mark the Evangelist with Severed Head, 15th century (P. van Moorsel, Catalogue Général, No. 133, p. 120, Pl. 36a), said to be from Alexandria (suggested provenance the Coptic Cathedral of St. Mark in Alexandria). Finely manufactured huge panel (81 x 42 x 2 cm) cut from one piece of hard imported wood with an integral narrow frame (Pl. VII).
Pl. Vb. St Mark the Evangelist in the Al’Muallaqa Church in Cairo, showing framing of the icon in the screen.
Egypte Egypt consommation

Version 1, données dudata date 18 mars 2012March 18th 2012