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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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FREESTONE, Ian C. ; HUGHES, M.J. ; PONTING, M.
Origins of Byzantine Glass from Maroni Petrera, Cyprus
Archaeometry 44
University of Oxford, 2002, p. 257-272
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291475-4754/issues

[501, 650]
• 19 fragments of glass (11 fragments of ‘lampions’ found in nartex of the church, the rest from other contexts) analysed by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis in the scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDXA) for major and minor elements, and a subset of 15 glasses analysed for trace elements, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) - chemical analyses - SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, FeO, MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, K2O, Cl, SO3:
– soda-lime-silica glasses, with low potash and magnesia,
– two groups on the basis of major and minor oxides:
- Maroni Group 1(majority of the glass): higher CaO and SiO2, and lower Na2O, FeO, MgO, MnO and TiO2: similar compositions - “Levantine I” glass.
- Maroni Group 2: higher FeO, MgO, MnO, TiO2 and Na2O, lower CaO and SiO2: similar compositions - HIMT glass.

• Question with regards to relationship between glass composition, workshops and raw materials:
– limited evidence for recycling in the Maroni glass,
– the majority of glass probably transported to Cyprus in chunk form, to be remelted into sheet and vessels in local workshops.
Chypre Cyprus production
Maroni Petrera consommation
Israël Israel production

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013