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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Bois travaillé du Ier au XVe sc.1st to 15th century worked wood

Iwona Zych

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A little noticed thirteenth-century Byzantine icon in the Church of St. Barbara in Old Cairo “The Virgin with Child Enthroned”
Société d’Archéologie Copte, Le Caire | Cairo, 1991, p. 93-103

[1201, 1300]
figuier sycomore sycamore fig (lat. Ficus sycomorus L.)
palmier dattier date palm (lat. Phoenix dactylifera)
• Frame for the icon made in 13th or early 14th century (according to L.-A. Hunt, Iconic and Aniconic..., 1987: 45) or 13th/14th century according to Monneret de Villard (Patricolo and Monneret de Villard 1922: 56, Fig. 11 and 57) (p. 94).
• Technique suggests local production in Egypt (not even Sinai) because of three strong half-round traverses protruding 6 cm on either side, used to back the panel (”rather cheap, careless, provincial method”), careless working of wood filled with plaster and covered on both sides with protective palm-bark (?) to form a flat ground for painting, planks fixed to traverses with large-headed handmade iron nails from the front. More technical details (p. 96, see Pl. III).
• Iconographic: wooden (?) straight-backed throne decorated with leaf motifs in black.
Egypte Egypt production
Le Caire Cairo consommation

Version 1, données dudata date 18 mars 2012March 18th 2012