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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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FREESTONE, Ian C. ; BIMSON, Mavis ; BUCKTON, D.
Compositional Categories of Byzantine Glass Tesserae
Annales du 11e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre (Bâle 1988)
AIHV, Amsterdam, 1990, p. 271-279

[401, 1300]
• Byzantine glass tesserae (Shikmona, Hosios Loukas, Venice) - chemical analyses:
– SiO2, AL2O3, FeO, MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, K2O, P2O5, Cl, PbO, SnO2, CuO;
– analyses of the colourants and opacifiers.

• Shikmona (5th century): soda-lime-silica glasses; low-potash, low-magnesia - “Roman” type (”low-magnesia” glass);
• Hosios Loukas (10th century): soda-lime-silica glasses; low-potash, high-magnesia - “Islamic” type (”high-magnesia” glass);
• Venice (San Marco) (11th-13th century): “mixed alkali” ; high-potash, high-magnesia, high-lime, high-phosphate - “north-western european” type (“forest” glass).

• The glass used for mosaic tesserae in the Byzantine era generally reflects the compositional trends seen in contemporary vessel glass.
• The tesserae types used in the mosaics were at least in part determined by the ability of the mosaicists to obtain certain colours.
Grèce Greece Hosios Loukas consommation
Israël Israel Shikmona consommation
Italie Italy Venise Venice consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013