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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Bois travaillé du Ier au XVe sc.1st to 15th century worked wood

Iwona Zych

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Wood and charcoal from Shenshef
SIDEBOTHAM, Steven E. ; WENDRICH, Wilhelmina Z.
Berenike 1997. Report of the 1997 Excavations at Berenike and the Survey of the Egyptian Eastern Desert, including Excavations at Shenshef
CNWS, Leiden, 1999, p. 427-429

[301, 600]
acacia acacia (lat. Acacia spp.)
pin pine (lat. Pinus pinea)
teck teak (lat. Tectona)
mangrove mangrove (lat. Avicenna marina)
palmier palm (lat. Palmae)
bois non identifié wood not identified
Finds from three trash middens explored in 1996 and 1997 in the late Roman settlement at Shenshef:
- objects (2 teak wood pins, needle made of pine, spatula), nos. 75-78 in the catalogue of objects from Berenike (Vermeeren 1999 [Berenike], 323);
- desiccated wood (predominantly Acacia and teak, also pine and mangrove), 20 samples;
- charcoal (acacia, and in small quantities teak, mangrove, palm, sea-blite), 37 samples.
Acacia was available locally and there was much more use of it in Shenshef compared to Berenike. Both large and small twigs with bark were used; there is also evidence of boreholes of insects living on dead trees.
Imported wood included teak (from India) and pine (from the Mediterranean). Its relative abundance at Shenshef suggests that it was available in quantities on the coast and was brought in as building material or as articles made of reused barrels or other packing material.
Mangrove and sea-blite were available from the coastal Red Sea region.
Palm wood may have been cultivated locally in kitchen gardens as well as being brought from the Nile Valley.

Version 1, données dudata date 18 mars 2012March 18th 2012