Catalogue des publications
- Pour effectuer une commande, remplissez votre panier puis terminez votre commande. Vous pourrez effectuer un paiement sécurisé et être livré dans le monde entier. J’ai un code promotionnel
- To perform an order, fill your cart then proceed the order. You will be driven to a secured page for the electronic payment which includes worldwide shipping fees. I have a promotional code.
Les ʿammē « en Ǧazīra et en Occident ». Genèse et fixation d’un ethnonyme standardisé pour les tribus arabes chrétiennes. Les Tanūkōyē, Ṭūʿōyē, ʿAqūlōyē à l’âge marwanide
When Western Syriac literature designates the Christian Arabs (ṭayyōyē krisṭyōnē), it is often through a ternary expression, the « Tanūkōyē, ʿAqūlōyē and Ṭūʿōyē », in variable order. These people (ʿammē) played a very significant role during the second civil war (60‑72/680-692) within the Syriac Orthodox Church, as it is starting to consider the Muslim alterity. At this specific time, a homonym bishopric is attested, especially under Georges’ authority (d. 105/724), one of the main intellectuals of this time. These populations seem to have lived in « the Occident » (then forming the ǧund of Qinnasrīn) and in the post-Roman Upper Mesopotamia (the Ǧazīra) during the Umayyad period. The Tanūḫ (Tanūkōyē) are defined as an Iraqi community partially settled in northern Syria, but the period of this migration, traditionally dated to the proto-Byzantine era, is still indeterminate. The two other words are less clear: the ʿAqūlōyē are related to the people of al‑Kūfa (the expression is almost certainly post‑Hiǧra) while the Ṭūʿōyē would correspond to ancient groups from the same area. Our hypothesis is that the moving of these Iraqi ʿammē, designated by this ternary standardized ethnonym (they are not tribes in the sense of arabic nasab) to the Syrian space results from a transfer policy under Muʿāwiya (d. 60/680). It is most likely in this context that they might have been affiliated to the episcopal miaphysit nomenclature, at a time where it was possible to participate in the Believers’ movement while including one’s self in the Antiochene Church.
- Simon Pierre ( : 243113625)
Doctorant, Sorbonne Université