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Fichiers à télécharger
Nouveaux textes scolaires grecs et coptes.
Publication of unedited school texts (papyri, ostraca and wooden tablets) belonging to various collections.
Un soldat de la cohors I Lusitanorum à Didymoi : du nouveau sur l’inscription I.Kanaïs 59 bis.
A graffito incised on a brick from the hypocaust at Didymoi, found in 2000, has turned out to be a very close parallel to I.Kanais 59bis. It has thus become possible to supplement the name of the soldier, Vettius Crispinus, who wrote both inscriptions and to be certain of the provenance. I.Kanais 59bis has successively been thought to come from Contrapollinopolis Magna and from Al-Kanayis. Now we know that it, too, came from Didymoi.
Un serviteur du sanctuaire de Chentayt à Karnak. La statue Caire JE 37134 [Annexe : Le prophète de Khonsou-Chou Hersenef (statue Caire JE 37343)].
Publication of a statue from the Karnak Cache kept in the Cairo Museum (JE 37134). The owner named Wesirwer was a «servant of the Sanctuary of Shentayt», a title related to the making of the Osirid figurines during the festivities of KhoĪak. The monument dates to the XXXth dynasty or the early ptolemaic period. His possible link with another statue from Karnak (Cairo JE 37343), also published here, is examined.
CASTEL (Georges), TALLET (Pierre)
Les inscriptions d’El-Harra, oasis de Bahareya.
In 1973, a posthumous article appeared, written by A. Fakhry, where he speaks of three inscriptions of the Middle Kingdom which he had discovered at El-Harra, at the oasis of Bahareya, and which he thought had a connection with the presence of ancient miners. In 2001, this site was once again visited within the framework of a mission led by the IFAO to the oasis. Seven inscriptions near the entrance to the underground galleries were found there. Three of them referred to a local governor named Hebi, two others being offering stelae in the name of royal servants, mentioning the name of a divinity Opet. An examination of the area seems to eliminate the hypothesis of a mining development: the galleries found there are most certainly of a natural origin. On the other hand, the very presence of these caves could have given the place a remarkable aspect in ancient times. The place itself, situated on a knoll at the approach to the oasis takes on an undeniable strategic interest, as it allows surveillance of the roads coming from the Nile valley. If the inscriptions found at El-Harra are modest, they are, for the moment, the only written sources of the Middle Kingdom found at the oasis of Bahareya. Some of them could date from the beginning of XIIth dynasty, and constitute, for this reason, an important milestone in the hystory of this region.
Un ostracon hiératique inédit de Leyde. RMO F. 1980/3.7.
Publication of a late cursive hieratic ostracon of unknown provenance. The text seems to deal with the offering of commodities by several individuals. Although the purpose of this document remains obscure, the main interest of the text is palaeographical, as some of the signs belong to a late evolution of the hieratic script which is connected with early demotic.
Les figurines en terre cuite de la ville de ‘Ayn Asil.
A thousand terracottas were found during excavations at Ayn Asil between 1985 and 2000. Coming from the Governor’s palace dated from the reign of Pepy II, most of them represent animals but a series of pieces comprise persons (head of man, bust, woman perhaps pregnant). The number of pieces and the well known context allow us to propose an explanation for their function. If some terracottas certainly had a utilitarian role (vessel?), some of them were found with offerings. These seem to confirm that some sectors of the palace played a particular role and that some cults near Medou-nefer’s sanctuary continued even when this sanctuary was buried.
BAUD (Michel), FAROUT (Dominique)
Trois biographies d’Ancien Empire revisitées.
Three Old Kingdom biographies are investigated in this paper. A new translation is offered for two of the property deeds of Metjen, the famous official of the Early IVth Dyn. Dating criteria show that the short biography of Hetep-her-ni-ptah also belongs to the same period, if not slightly earlier. It includes the very first known example of the famous sentence «this had never been done», connected to a royal benefaction granted to the official. Finally, some parts of the recently published biography of Hezi (Saqqara, Teti Cemetery, VIth Dyn.) are reinvestigated.
AUFRÈRE (Sydney H.)
Le roi Aouibrê Hor. Essai d’interprétation du matériel découvert par Jacques de Morgan à Dahchour (1894).
Since April 10th 1894, when Jacques de Morgan discovered his tomb at Dahshur, Auibrê Hor and his place in the Egyptian chronology have incited debates between egyptologists, particularly Gaston Maspero and Jacques de Morgan. This difficult question has never been the subject of a specific study – one whose concern is the presence of a seal of clay bearing the name of pharaoh Nymaêtrê found on the canopic box.
Thus, the author attempts to reduce the incertitude concerning the dating. Examining by turns the differents objets belonging to the funerary furniture of this sovereign and the texts engraved on their surfaces, in relation to scarabs in European collections engraved with the names of king Hor, he demonstrates that these can be dated from the XIIIth Dynasty or later with difficulty, and the author proposes the hypothesis of a later dating than that previously conjectured by G. Maspero and other scholars. Basing himself on iconographical, lexicographical, and architectural details belonging respectively to the furniture and the structure of the tomb itself, the author argues that this dating should be reconsidered in order that king Auibrê‘ be placed between Senusret III and Amenemhet III.
At the same time, he establishes that most of these pieces, in connection with the ka’s statue of Auibrê, play an important part in the magical and religious process securing for the king an abundance of food. The nature of the texts themselves, the place of these objects, left unmoved when J. de Morgan discovered the tomb, give us many reference points to interpret and compare them to pieces of funerary furniture of other tombs of the XIIth Dynasty. From a certain point of view, this allows us to consider that this process was common to Middle Kingdom royal sepultures, whose rarity makes the tomb of king Auibrê Hor so valuable and interesting, despite the problem of chronology.
Travaux de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale en 1999-2000.
YAMANI (Sayed), PANTALACCI (Laure)
A Stela from Ezbet Bashendi. Dakhla Oasis.