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Zwei spätdemotische Zahlungsquittungen aus Soknopaiu Nesos.
The present paper is devoted to the study of two late demotic papyrus documents from the Erzherzog Rainer Collection in Vienna. The documents belong to the same kind of texts of receipt of payment. The first papyrus (P. Vindob. D 6823) from regnal year 33 of Caesar Augustus (4 AD) and the other one (P. Windob. D 6824) from regnal year 19 of Caesar Tiberius (32 AD) are receipts for taxes, whose exact character are still rather unclear.
- Abd-el-Gawad Migahid
La mise en place des structures étatiques dans l’Égypte du IVe millénaire.
Setting up of the state’s structures was done, in Egypt of 4th millennium, at the end of a political centralization process which we try to render: confederation, than federation directed by only chief (dynasty 0), and finally absolute and sacred monarchy established by Narmer-Meny, last king of the dynasty 0 and first one of the Ist dynasty, the "Founder", epithet shared with his successor, Aha. From iconological analysis, this paper includes the description of three successive phases of the power’s centralization, followed by political history of the dynasty 0 and the demonstration according to which the important Narmer’s documents, especially his famous palette in Cairo Museum, register the encoding of the new institutional data as fundamental principles of the pharaonic’s ideology.
- Bernadette Menu ( : 02702315X)
Le serment d’un chamelier: O. Gournet Mourraï 242.
This ostracon belongs to the collection from Georges Castel’s excavations at Qurnet Mura‘i (1970-1973). Monasteries owned their camels. They hired camel driver, who looked after the animal and had it do working. An agreement was established between these two parties. We think two oathes were written: one of them belonged to the monastery, the other to the camel driver. Our ostracon concerns the driver: he is bound to honour this contract in front of witnesses, whose name are lost. He has to work with the camel, without neglect of it, to pay its fodder and its furniture out on their wages; to give half earnings to the monastery "the topos (in) the desert". Once a month he is drawing water and carrying it to two anchorites. The words belong to special legal terms. We prove this agreement was written by the same hand who drew a contract with a camel herd, on the ostracon 84 from the Monastery of Epiphanius. Mark, the priest of the topos of St Mark the Evangelist (we are nearly sure it was on the hill of Qurnet Mura‘i) wrote a contract between the topos of Apa John in the desert and a camel herd. And he wrote too the own camel driver’s contract from Qurnet Mura‘i between the driver and the topos (of Apa John) (in) the desert at the begining of VIIth century.
- Chantal Heurtel ( : 081370911)
Glanures (§ 1-2).
This article constitutes the two first notes of a series about history, geography and religion. The purpose of these two first is the publication of the two monuments belonging to Esnu(n) of Coptos: the well-known statue Cairo CG 70031 with an unpublished complementary fragment Cairo RT 31/4/64/1 on the one hand and the gnomon of Esnu(n) conserved in the Petrie Museum of London (UC 16376) on the other hand.
- Ivan Guermeur ( : 075706121)
Remarques sur les datations et titulatures de trois stèles romaines du Bucheum.
– Stele Allard Pierson Museum 10776: despite a vague notation of the titulary, it is possible to specify the datation of this stele (funerary stele of the cow, Buchis’ mother at the beginning of the Severian Period).
– Stele Bucheum 20 (Cairo JE 31901): reading again the first line reveals a quite unexpected titulary in which are associated Diocletian and Licinius whose name and account of regnal years are inscribed together (!) in the second cartouche.
– Stele Aberdeen ABDUA 21697: the same mode of titulary/datation associating the names of Constantin and Licinius may be used here.
- Jean-Claude Grenier ( : 026902680)
Les ânes de Sennéfer (O. Ifao 10044).
First publication of O. Ifao 10044, a slab of limestone of 10 x 12 cm, found in 1930 south of the Great Pit of Deir el-Medina. The recto contains the proper names of six donkeys, all belonging to a Sennefer. The names of these donkeys, like human names, include a patronym (in one instance a matronym), one of these Ramesses. The verso only quotes a scribe Paykhery (?).
- Pierre Grandet ( : 03005799X)
Elisa Fiore Marochetti, Alessandra Curti, Sara Demichelis, Francis Janot, Federico Cesarani, Renato Grilletto
«Le paquet»: sépulture anonyme de la IVe dynastie provenant de Gébélein.
In 1911 Ernesto Schiaparelli found at Gebelein an Old Kingdom burial inside a shaft. The anonym burial Suppl. 14061 conserved in the Egyptian Museum in Turin was investigated by a multidisciplinary research team. The wooden coffin maintain part of its painted decoration and the mummy was led in a crouched position in a sort of linen bundle and apparently was not eviscerated. The 3D reconstruction was able to identify all details of the mummy and of the burial equipment. This was composed by a pair of sandals and a wooden headrest. Two small fragments of papyrus dating to the IVth dynasty were found at the bottom of the shaft near the coffin.
La double version de la biographie de Sarenpout Ier à Qoubbet al-Haoua.
The two versions of biographical inscription of nomarch Sarenput I in Qubbet al-Hawa are known as similar. However, a comparative study of this double version reveals some notable differences: the restitution of the gaps shows that certain parts of the text, at least in the introduction, cannot be identical and that the graphic and semantic differences are marked enough throughout the two contemporary versions.
This analysis allows to perceive thus the stages necessary to the realization of this type of text and to pose a series of interrogations: the existence of one or more "authors", the preliminary presence of one or two models into hieratic on perishable support and the realization by one or two scribes of the final versions. Lastly, proposals for fillings of the gaps in introduction of the version inside the tomb reveal that these two biographies, even if they are similar on many points, they are not completely similar as for their structures and their writings.
- Nathalie Favry ( : 081690959)
A New Suggestion on the Sign Heading the Witness List in Demotic Legal Texts.
This article offers a solution to the problem of reading, understanding and meaning of the demotic sign heading the witness lists in demotic legal documents. The author reaches the conclusion that this was certainly a linguistic sign and had hieroglyphic origin or and phonetic value sȝw and had with all certainly a meaning "protection", "guard", "escort", "watch", "keep hold", "maintain".
- Adel Farid ( : 069508232)
Marc Étienne, Francis Janot, Guy Lecuyot
La mission du musée du Louvre à Saqqâra: un contexte de rejets d’embaumement.
In the sector of the mastaba of Akhethetep Nile-silt jars, which once contained mummification residues, have been found. In some of these jars there are traces of "white" natron, "black" natron found in canvas sachets, small straw fragments, remains of blackened wrappings, fragments of papyrus fibres and other vases. Clearly, most of these jars were not in their original arrangement as they had been carelessly abandoned there. These jars probably have no relation with the modest burials located in the sand layers to the east of the mastaba and which date from the end of the Pharaonic period or the beginning of the Ptolemaic period. They most certainly come from a slightly older group of tombs which were probably located close by. All of the pottery fragments are made of Nile silt. The pieces include large jars for the most part, but also bowls, a bottle, and small dishes which may have been used as jar lids.