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Fichiers à télécharger
Kamose et les Hyksos dans l’oasis de Djesdjes.
This paper is divided in two parts. Part one is a translation and a commentary on the sections of the Kamose stelae mentioning the conquest of the oasis of Djesdjes by the king of the Theban XVIIth dynasty. It is argued that all the passages about the oasis, in the Kamose text, concern only one campaign and one oasis, Bahariya. Bahariyans are considered enemies like other Egyptian populations from Middle Egypt who collaborated with the Hyksos rulers. Part two presents the recently prospected cemeteries of Bahariya in the context of the material culture of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. The IFAO mission in Bahariya has discovered on the surface of the necropolis of Qaret al-Toub some clear fragments of Tell al-Yahudiya ware, probably imported from one of the production centres located mainly in the Eastern Delta of the Nile. This attestation to commercial relations between Bahariya and the Northern part of Egypt, directly under Asiatic rule, provides interesting data complementary to textual evidence suggesting that Bahariyan elites were in contact with the Hyksos at the end of the Second Intermediate Period.
BOUTROS (Ramez), RUTSCHOWSCAYA (Marie-Hélène) , MARCHAND (Sylvie) (collaboratrice), MOSSAKOWSKA (Maria) (collaboratrice)
Sondages dans le monastère de Baouit. - 2003.
The monastery of Bawit (Middle Egypt) was discovered by the French archaeologist Jean Clédat in 1900. The site was excavated from 1901 to 1913 by Ifao which published several reports. The new excavation concerns two places on the kôm: the so-called “north church” and sondages. Sondages 1 and 2, completed in 2003, have permitted the clarification of the stratigraphy of the northern part of the monastery, where excavations were made in 1913 by Jean Maspero. The structures indicate that they were originally dwellings dating to the Byzantine period (from the sixth to the second half of the seventh centuries).
Calques de Baouit archivés à l’Ifao.
Four unpublished drawings related to the monastery of Bawit are kept in the archives of the French Institute. The group contains two maps from the excavation led by Jean Maspero in 1903 that give little information regarding other published documents. However, the recent reopening of excavations in this area makes them worthy of consideration. Two fragments of mural paintings, now lost, present some iconographical interest: A Saint on Horseback Killing the Evil, sketched by François Daumas, and the Murder of the Innocents, by Jean Clédat.
Formules et commentaires sur la valeur sacrée du scarabée.
This article discusses the translation of additional texts coming from the Edfu version of the myth of Horus. Through these glosses, priests certainly wanted to highlight religious thought through the universality of scarab/winged scarab in architecture. These commentaries appear throughout the "Victory of Winged Disk" story and the ritual of Victory festival studied by Maurice Alliot in Le culte d’Horus à Edfou au temps des Ptolémées.
Those texts come from liturgical literature and don’t have a direct relation with the myth ritual process. It shows once more the skill and ability of Edfu priests to use manuals of the pr ʿnḫ to complete and coordinate all temple texts.
Fragments de théologies thébaines. La bibliothèque du temple de Tôd.
Publication of seven blocks belonging to the library of the temple of Montu in Tod. The titles of the books give us some aspects of the Theban theologies during the Ptolemaic period.
Le tissage de l’Œil d’Horus et les trois registres de l’offrande. À propos de la formule 608 des Textes des Sarcophages.
Analysis of spell 608 of the Coffin Texts and the ritual that is described therein.
Une mesure d’hygiène relative à quelques statues-cubes déposées dans le temple d’Amon à Karnak.
The inscriptions engraved on some block statues belonging to the "cachette" of the temple of Amun at Karnak and ranging in date from the XXVIth dynasty to the Ptolemaic period, give precise and unexpected details about the procedure of the reversion of offerings. Thus, the extended placing of foodstuffs on the body of the statue is perceived as a threat that seriously jeopardizes the "health" of the dedicatee.
Une stèle commémorant la construction par l’empereur Auguste du mur d’enceinte du temple de Montou-Rê à Médamoud.
Publication of a commemoration stela, currently located in the Cairo Museum basement, that shows that the largest mudbrick wall enclosing the temple of Montu-Ra in Medamud was built by the roman Emperor Augustus, and not Ptolemy III, as previously believed by some. The stela also gives the original dimensions of the partly destroyed wall unearthed in the 1920s by Ifao and the Louvre, under the supervision of F. Bisson de La Roque.
Zwei spätdemotische Zahlungsquittungen aus der Zeit des Domitian.
Publication of two late demotic "receipts of payment" (ỉw-Urkunden) from the Erzherzog Rainer Collection in Vienna. The documents were issued by the priests of the god Soknopaios and the goddess Isis-Nepherses at Soknopaiou Nesos.
The first papyrus (P. Vindob. D 6833) from regnal year 8 of Caesar Domitian (?) (= 88 / 89 A. C. E.) contains a tax (nḥt) on four ships (ḏy.w 4.t). The receipt also acknowledges other payments that were payed in installments in "money (and) copper" (ḥḏ ḥmt), and in kind with products like "cattle" (ỉḥ) or "jugs" (šš.w). The taxpayer is "the scribe of the priests" (pȝ sẖ nȝ wʿb.w), in all probability an administrator for another person, the owner of the four ships, whose name is mentioned in the text.
The other receipt (P. Vindob. D 6837) dating from regnal year 9-10 of Caesar Domitian (= 89-90 A. C. E.) and classified under the so-called late demotic papyrus documents, refers to a new kind of tax which is not mentioned directly. However, it concerns the tax for using the "pasturage" (?) (tȝy?) in Pȝy-šy, as well as the "proceeds" (ẖny.t) of the šfṱ. The two localities were obviously combined with Soknopaiu Nesos in both administration and taxation. The payments were payed in at least eight installments.
MEURICE (Cédric), TRISTANT (Yann)
Jean Clédat et le site de Béda: données nouvelles sur une découverte protodynastique dans le Sinaï septentrional.
In 1910 during agricultural work east of the Suez Canal and some 50 km north-east of modern Ismailiya, Beda pots dating to the Early Dynastic Period were discovered. A study of Jean Clédat’s notes now preserved in the Louvre museum makes a new report on the finds possible. Considering the research carried out by Jean Clédat in the Suez area at the beginning of the XXth century, substantial information has been obtained on the location and the archaeological context of this exceptional discovery. This paper concerning the Beda pots and their incised serekhs constitutes a new contribution to our understanding of the Nile Delta region and its role in the contacts between Egypt and the Levant during the Early Dynastic period.