Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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KRAMAROVSKY, Mark
The Import and Manufacture of Glass in the Territories of the Golden Horde
WARD, Rachel
Gilded and Enamelled Glass from the Middle East
British Museum Press, London, 1998, p. 96-100
Hermitage Museum (St. Petersburg) ; State Museum of History (MoscouMoscow)

[1226, 1502]
• Examples of enamelled glass imported into the Golden Horde from the Near East:
– long-necked bottle found in Byelorechensk (mounds) - representation of five horsemen (second half of the 13th century);
– bowl found at Byelorechensk (mounds) - inscription: ʿizz li-mawlānā al-sulṭān al-malik al-ʿālim al-ʿādil al-ʿālim [?] al-ʿādil al-ʿālim al-ʿālim [continues al-ʿālim till end] (“glory to our lord the sultan, the vise, the just, the wise, the just, the wise ...”); six medallions with a lion blazon associated with the Mamluk Sultan Baybars (1260-1277);
– plate found at Selitrennoye (Sarayı) - representation of birds and fruit surrounded by leaves and flowers (first haft of the 14th century).

• Arrival of European glassware at the northern coast of the Black Sea via Constantinople.

• Finds of European glass in the Golden Horde (for example, fragment related to the “Aldrevandin” group of glass).

• Written evidence: letter of a merchant from Pera (Istanbul) ordering various glass-wares from Venice (1473); decree concerning an establishment of a glass workshop in Caffa (Black Sea) (1464).

• Local glassmaking:
– Example of local workshops:
- Selitrennoye (Sarayı);
- Solkhat.
– Importation of unworked glass from the Mamluk Empire to local workshops:
- chemical analyses of five lumps found at Tsarevskoye: Cu, Fe, Ag, Ca, Mg, Si, Na, Al, Ti;
- glass waste and Syrian blue glass with white enamel found in Solkhat workshop.
Egypte Egypt production
Italie Italy Venise Venice production
Russie Russia Caucase Caucas Belorechensk consommation
Caucase Caucas Makhchesk consommation
Caucase Caucas Selitrennoye (Sarai) production consommation
Caucase Caucas Tsarevskoye (Sarai al-Jadid) consommation
Mer Caspienne Caspian Sea consommation
Mer Noire Black Sea consommation
Volga Sud South Volga consommation
Syrie Syria production
Ukraine Ukraine Crimée Crimea Solkhat production consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013