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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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HARDEN, Donald B.
SHINNIE, Peter L. ; SHINNIE, Margaret
Debeira West: A Mediaeval Nubian Town
Aris and Phillips Ltd., Warminster, 1978, p. 83-94

[601, 1200]
• Glass from Debeira West – archaeological context:
R-60 (? a monastery) - mainly 7th-8th century, with some later items in the upper strata;
R-8 (dwelling area) - some 7th-8th material, but mainly 10th-11th century;
R-44 (church) - mainly 8th-9th century, with some secular occupation in the 11th century;
R-1 (monastery or garrison post) - perhaps 10th-12th century or later.

• Origin of the objects: most, if not all, of this glass must have come from Egyptian glasshouses at Fusṭāṭ and elsewhere.

• Examples of glass objects from Debeira West:

– plain wares: bowls, drinking glasses, jars, flasks, bottles, footless-stem lamps (9th-10th century; fig. 33) and handled-bowl lamps (8th-10th, perhaps 11th century; fig. 34-35).

– decorated wares:
- cut: fragment of a toilet-bottle with four-sided body, wheel-cut geometric decoration (7th-9th century; fig. 36);

- engraved [scratch-engraved ?]: fragament of a body with some engraved lines (9th-11th century; fig. 37);

- painted: fragment of a bowl with the painted design on the back side, on exterior, to be viewed through the glass; floral or geometric motive; colours: red, black, white, yellow (7th century; fig. 38);

- marvered:
rim of shallow bowl, dark purplish-brown, with one horizontal colourless streak (8th-9th century; fig. 40),
part of small flask, green, with yellow, pale blue and opaque red streaks (7th century; fig. 41),
part of shoulder of flask or jar; clear brown, with opaque white and pale blue trailing (7th century; fig. 42);

- mould-blown:
blown into plain moulds: heptagonal flask (10th-12th century; fig. 45);
blown into patterned moulds – numerous glasses – flasks, bowls, jars (9th-11th century): trellis-pattern of lozenges (fig. 47, 48, 52, 53), triple concentric circles motive (fig. 49), pattern of gadroons (fig. 50), ovals or hexagons in quincunx (fig. 51), rosette (fig. 54), vertical ribs (fig. 58).

- impressed:
rosette or rectangle motives in relief (8th-10th century, fig. 61-63).

- impressed with tongs:
ovals (fig. 65, 71- 73), lozenges (fig. 64, 67, 69), upright V-formations (fig. 68) (8th-10th century).

– window glass: with folded rim and body in the form of shallow bowl (7th century or later, fig. 77-82).

– bracelets:
- rods with marvered trails of opaque olive green, a twist of opaque white and light amber, opaque dark brown and opaque orange glass put on a light transparent yellow base (12th century, fig. 83);
- folding a drawn rod and joining the two ends (date ? , fig. 84 et 85).

– unworked glass :
- large block of unworked glass, green, with much ash (7th-9th century, fig. 86).
Egypte Egypt production
Soudan Sudan Debeira West consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013