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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

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Le mercredi 12 février 2014 à 18h00, IFAO géolocalisation IFAO

Avaris and its harbour. Newest results on the work of the Austrian Archeological Institute in Tell el-Dab’a

Dr. Irene Forstner-Müller (Austrian Archeological Institute, Cairo)

Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos rulers, was one of the most important cities in Egypt and the Ancient Near East during the 2nd millenium B.C.

Its location on the Pelusiac branch of the Nile (the branch forming the eastern flank and limit of the fertile Delta) gave the town a strategic position that made it a gateway between the Nile valley and the Near East.

It was both a good starting point for expeditions overland via the Sinai and an important harbour town from the Middle Kingdom and the Second Intermediate Period onwards. In the Ramesside period the harbour of Piramesse, the capital of the 19th and 20th dynasties, was in Avaris, which was then the southern part of the town.

In 2013 archaeological excavations were undertaken for the first time within the area of the assumed main harbour of Avaris. The results of this season will be presented in this lecture.