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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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Primary Glass Sources in the Mid First Millennium AD
Annales du 15e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre (New York – Corning 2001)
AIHV, Nottingham, 2003, p. 111-115

[401, 900]
• Primary glass groups in the Mediterranean (between the 4th and 9th centuries):

– Levantine I:
-Palestinian production during the Byzantine period, made using the sands of the Levanitne coast;
- characteristics: high lime;
- examples: assemblage at Jalome (4th century), chunk and vessel glass from Apollonia, Dor, Bet Shean (6th and 7th century).

– Bet Eliʿezer glass:
- products of the glass factory near Hadra (being utilized by the early 8th century, displaced Levantine I production by that time);
- characteristics: relatively high alumina.

– Egypt group I:
- characteristics: relatively low lime and high alumina (origin in the furnaces of the Wadi Natrun).

– Egypt group II:
- characteristics: high lime and low alumina (8th and 9th centuries);
- examples: glasses from the workshop at Tell el Ashmunein.

– HIMT group:
- characteristics: high iron, manganese, and titanium;
- exemples: assemblages in London, and Italy (4th century), from North Sinai, and Rome (4th-5th century), from Maroni Petrera /Cyprus/ (6th-7th century).

• Glass from Jarrow:
– almost 2 000 fragments of window glass (late 7th century or early 8th century);
– chemical analyses: CaO and Al2O3:
- mainly Levantine I and HIMT glass groups, with small group close to the Wadi Natrum glasses.

• Question with regard to the origin of the natron glass of the 8th to 9th centuries in western Europe.
Egypte Egypt production
Grande-Bretagne Great Britain Jarrow consommation
Israël Israel production

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013