Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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ANTONARAS, Anastasios
The Use of Glass in Byzantine Jewellery - the Evidence from Northern Greece (fourth-sixteenth Centuries)
Annales du 16e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre (London 2003)
AIHV, Nottingham, 2003, p. 331-334
Museum of Byzantine Culture (Thessaloniki)

[301, 1600]
• Archaeological evidence of glass jewellery - objects from graves:
- Thessaloniki necropolis;
- cemetery in the complex of the basilica of the Philippi Museum;
- cemetery in the fortress of Rentina;
- Maronia’s Palichora necropolis;
- Pherres necropolis;
- cemetery of the basilica of Ayios Achilleios;
- Thermi necropolis.

• 4th-6th centuries:

– Beds:
- monochrome (especially dark blue or green);
- multicoloured, with specks or trails;
- mosaic (rare).

– Amulets:
- stamped representation of lion with the sun and moon over its head - Syro-Palestinian tradition;
- stamped representation of Saint Symeon the Stylite flanked by two figures of angels.

– Bracelets:
- dark purple or green;
- cross-sections : circular, semi-circular, flat band-like;
- techniques : seamed and seamless examples;
- decoration : plain or relief decoration (ribbing).

– Gems.

• 7th-12th centuries:

– Beds:
- necklaces made of plain spherical beads (rare).

– Rings:
- glass rings (rare);
- metal rings with glass gems in the bezel:
1. bezel with a piece of flat, transparent, greenish or pinkish glass roughly cut,
2. bezel with lentoid gems:
plain (especially dark-blue glass),
with impressed decoration (especially dark-blue glass).

– Bracelets:
- techniques: only seamed examples;
- decoration:
twisted of one cane or of two or more canes of different colour and size,
canes of various colours applied on straight, non-twisted bangles,
painted decoration (examples of silver stain technique) on plain-glass bracelets: birds, geometric and floral motifs.

– Armbands:
- golden armbands decorated with the motifs made by inlaid enamel obtained from pulverized glass set in design fields and frited: “cloisonné” technique (two examples in the Museum of Byzantine Culture).

– Glass used in the adornment of the offical clothes and holy book bindings - iconographical evidence.

• 13th-16th centuries:

– Beds:
- necklaces made of annular and circular in section beads or of plain spherical beads.

– Earrings:
- glass gems used in the embellishment (rare);
- cubic glass pieces (like mosaic) used in the decoration (example in the Museum of Byzantine Culture).

– Rings:
- metal rings with glass gems in the bezel.

– Bracelets (rare):
- decoration:
with twisted white stripe,
plain surface,
twisted.

– Glass used in the adornment of the official clothes:
- remains of dress decorated with 1400 glass beads of three kinds (example in the Museum of Byzantine Culture).
Byzance Byzantium consommation
Grèce Greece consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013