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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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The Islamic Glass Excavated in Egypt: Fustāt, Rāya and al-Tūr al-Kīlānī
JANSSENS, Koen ; DEGRYSE, Patrick ; COSYNS, Peter ; CEAN, Joost ; VAN’T DACK, Luc
Annales du 17e Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre (Anvers 2006)
AIHV - University Press Antwerp, Anvers, 2009, p. 308-313

[601, 1900]
• Glass from Fusṭāṭ (urban settlement) - some characteristics:

– 7th–8th centuries:
- manufacturing techniques and chemical composition: continuity from the late Roman Period: natron as an alkali source,
- decoration: lustre-painted, pinched, applied.

– 9th–11th centuries:
- change to plant ash as an alkali source,
- development of new, original shapes,
- previous manufacturing styles were further developed; cut decoration, influenced by Sasanian glass, created its own Islamic style; development of fine colourless, transparent glass.

– 12th–14th centuries:
- beginning of mass production of low quality glass,
- appearance of enamel-decorated glass,
- artefacts related to glass manucture found in this area.

• Glass from Rāya (fort) - some characteristics:

– 8th century:
- natron as an alkali source,
- shapes : small bottles or beakers,
- decoration: applied, pinched, lustre-painted.

– 9th century:
- coexistent natron and plant ash as an alkali source,
- natron glass group - most of decorated glass from this period : black-painted, lustre-painted, impressed, impressed with tongs (fig. 2-d), mould-blown (fig. 2-h), incised;
- fragments of mosaic glass (fig. 2-i).

– post-9th century:
- plant ash as an alkali source,
- decoration: moulded, stamped, orange lustre-stained, cut (fig. 2- e,f,g).

• Glass from al-Ṭūr al-Kīlānī (port) - some examples:

– 13th–15th centuries:
- kohl bottle,

– post-15th century:
- bottle with long and narrow neck (fig. 4, plate 42).

• Wadī al-Ṭūr (monastery) - some examples:
– beaker with threaded decoration (fig. 5, plate 43).

• The issue of lead glass.

• Question with regard to the influx of Islamic glass into the Asian region.
Egypte Egypt Fusṭāṭ consommation production
Sinaï Sinai Al-Ṭūr consommation
Sinaï Sinai Rāya consommation

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013