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d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Verre byzantin et islamiqueByzantine and Islamic Glass

Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert

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Poids en verre, fouilles de Fusṭāṭ (© IFAO)Glass weight, Fusṭāṭ excavations (© IFAO)
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The Glass Finds
BAR-NATAN, Rachel ; ATRASH, Walid
Baysān. The Theater Pottery Workshop
Israel Antiquities Authority Reports. Bet She’an Archaeological Project 1986-2002 : Bet’She’an II 48
Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem, 2011, p. 345-362

[301, 1000]
Examples of the glass objects found in the area of the “theater pottery workshop” at Bet She’an.

• Early period, before the construction of the pottery workshop (4th-5th centuries A.D.):
– fragment of a jug with cut [facet-cut] and polished decoration (Fig. 12,4:3).

• “Theater pottery workshop” phase (from the 6th to the mid-8th centuries A.D.):
– fragment of a drinking glass decorated with fused-in trails (Fig. 12.1:3);
– fragments of bottles with trail decoration on the mouth or neck (Fig. 12.1:16-20);
– fragment of vessel with pinched decoration (Fig. 12.1:23);
– lamps:
- fragments of globular bowl-shaped lamps with cut rim (Fig. 12.2:24; 25),
- handles from probably bowl-shaped lamps (Fig. 12.2:26-28),
- fragment of a wick tube, probably from a bowl-shaped lamp (Fig. 12.2:29),
- fragments of stemmed bowl-shaped lamps: short hollow, cylindrical stem (Fig. 12.2:30), solid cylindrical stems (Fig. 12.2:31-32).

• Abbasid Phase (after the destruction of the “theater pottery workshop”):
– fragments of tong-decorated bowls (Fig. 12.3:1-2);
– fragment of a bowl with shallow ridges: probably tooled, not mold-blown (Fig. 12.3:3);
– fragment of a bowl with a bottom thickened aroud its perimeter (Fig. 12.3:4);
– fragments of bottles or flasks with a ridged neck - tooled (Fig. 12.3:7-8);
– fragment of square sectioned cosmetic [kohl] bottle (Fig. 12.3:9);
– fragment of a vessel with a mold-blown decorated bottom: concentric circles and ovales pattern (Fig. 12.3:10);
– handle from probably a bowl-shaped lamp (Fig. 12.3:12).

• Fragments of windowpanes, quadrangular, originated in varous contexts:
– 4th-5th centuries A.D. (Fig. 15.5:1-2);
– 4th- mid-eighth centuries A.D.;
– Umayyad or Abbasid phase (Fig. 15.5:3).

• Tesserae:
– some thirty glass mosaic cubes or tesserae of various colors: blue, turquoise, green, yellow, yelowish green (Byzantine and Umayyad contexts).

• Remains of the glass production – glass working (Byzantine and Umayyad contexts) (Fig. 12.6):
– chunks of raw glass (Fig. 12.6/1-6), furnace debris (Fig. 12.6:7-9), a moil (Fig. 12.6:10), deformed glass vessels (Fig. 12.6:11-12);
– wide distribution and the lack of remains of a glass-working furnace indicate that this was not the ‘in situ’ location of a glass workshop.

Version 5, données dudata date 30 janvier 2013January 30th 2013