Institut français
d’archéologie orientale - Le Caire

Conférence Ifao T. Kruse

Conférence Ifao

An Official in War and Peace:

The "Archive" of the Strategus Apollonios

(Early 2nd Century CE)


Thomas Kruse

Mercredi 7 février 2018    l     à 18h    l   à l'Ifao

Visuel Conf Ifao T. Kruse


The archive of the strategus Apollonios which comprises some 230 Greek documents is the most important dossier of papyrus documents from Egypt for the first two centuries CE. It is named after the most prominent person appearing in it, a man named Apollonios who originated from Hermopolis in Middle Egypt and functioned between ca. 113-120 CE as head of the civil administration (strategus) of the nome (district) Apollonopolites Heptakomias in Upper Egypt. The dossier consists of official correspondence dating to the term of office of Apollonios and numerous private letters written by family members, friends, employees, and business partners. These documents are of paramount importance for the history of Roman Egypt, in particular the administrative history of Upper Egypt, since the nome Apollonopolites Heptakomias is solely known from the archive. The texts also shed some light on the uprising of the Jewish diaspora in Egypt (116-117 CE) and its impact on the local population. Finally the the private letters of the dossier provide illuminating information for the social, economic and cultural background of a family of the local hellenised municipal elite of Egypt and their level of education and literacy.


Thomas Kruse

Senior Scientist, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for the Study of Ancient Culture, Vienna.

Thomas Kruse is an Ancient historian and papyrologist specialized on the administrative, social and economic history of Egypt in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Currently also leads a research project on the "Archive" of the strategus Apollonios.